is a town in the Eastern Cape Province
of South Africa
. It is situated on the banks of the Sundays River
in the eponymously-named Sundays River Valley
, which forms part of the Sundays River Valley Municipality
in the Cacadu District
of the Eastern Cape.
Geography and climate
Kirkwood is situated about 80 km (50 miles) from the Indian Ocean
and about 100 meters (330 ft) above sea level.
The South African Weather Bureau
recorded a temperature of 50.3 °C (122.5 °F) in Kirkwood in 1928 - the highest temperature ever recorded in South Africa.
To the north of Kirkwood are the Rietberg Mountains
with the Uyepoort
(Uye Gateway), which provides passage to the Zuurberg Mountains
and the Addo Elephant National Park
of the Cape Colony
, Sir John Francis Cradock
, gave the first farms in the Sundays River Valley to the leaders of the successful burger commandos
for their role in the victories in the border wars of 1811 and 1812.
These farms were awarded to Magistrate
Cuyler (originally from the United States
) of Uitenhage
, who received Geelhoutboom
(Yellow Tree, later Dunbrody); Commandant
Ignatius Muller, who received Klaaskraal
, situated just outside what is now Kirkwood) and Field Cornet
J.S. van Niekerk, who received Gouwernements Belooning
(Government's Reward). It is on the latter farm that Kirkwood would be established many decades later.
In 1877 James Somers Kirkwood, an auctioneer
from Port... Read More