The Kolkata Metro
or Calcutta Metro
: কলকাতা মেট্রো Kolkata Meṭro
) is a mass rapid transit
system serving the city of Kolkata
and the districts of South 24 Parganas
and North 24 Parganas
state of West Bengal
. The network consists of one operational line (Line 1) and five lines currently under construction.
After independence, the burgeoning transport problem of Kolkata drew the attention of the city planners, the State Government and also the Government of India
. Efforts to solve the problem by augmenting the existing fleet of public transport vehicles barely touched the fringe of the problem as the roads account for only 4.2% of the surface area in Calcutta, compared to 25% in Delhi and even 30% in other cities.
With a view to finding an alternative solution, the Metropolitan Transport Project (Rlys) (i.e., Railways) was set up in 1973, which recommended a Mass Rapid Transit System
. The MTP (Rlys) prepared a master plan
in 1971 envisaging construction of five rapid-transit lines for the city of Kolkata, totalling a route length of 97.5 km. Of these, the highest priority was given to the busy North-South axis between Dum Dum and Mahanayak Uttam Kumar (Tollygunge) over a length of 16.45 km , and the work on this project was sanctioned on June 1, 1972. The foundation stone of the project was laid by Smt. Indira Gandhi
, the... Read More