The Kolkata Police
has the task of policing the metropolitan area of Kolkata
, as defined under the Calcutta Police Act, 1866 and the Calcutta Suburban Police Act,1866.
Observance of the following values is at the core of Kolkata Police's daily civil protective duties and criminal investigative functions:
- Obedience to the Constitution of India and Rule of Law.
- Respect for the dignity of all those they protect.
- Fairness and neutrality in enforcement of law.
- Compassion and building community relations to serve the people better.
- Uncompromising personal and institutional integrity.
The history of the present structure of policing in Kolkata
goes back to colonial
times, when the city was known as "Calcutta", and was a fledging settlement of the English East India Company
. Calcutta was founded by an Englishman, Job Charnock
, who was then a key functionary of the Company, had anchored his boat Maddapollam
at a village called Sutanuti
on the eastern banks of the Hooghly
, in 1690. This formed the nucleus of a fortified military settlement which in 1696 (3 years after Charnock's death) along with the villages of Gobindapur
, became a prime location for the East India Company's operations in Bengal
Policing in Calcutta's earliest days was confined to the Mughal
administration and their local representatives. Bengal was still technically a part of the Mughal Empire, but the Nawabs of Bengal
, based in Murshidabad
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