(Hindi:कौसाम्बि), also known as Kaushambi
(Pali), is a district in north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh with Manjhanpur as its administrative headquarters. It is adjointed by the districts Chitrakoot
in the south, Pratapgarh in the north, Allahabad
in the east & Fatehpur in the west.Ancient Kosambī
was on the Jamuna River
, about 35 miles south-west of Allahabad
located at the following coordinates: .
In 1997, Kausambi was carved out of Allahabad district by the Uttar Pradesh
Government as a populist ploy to appeal to its large neo-Buddhist population. Kausambi has a population of 1,293,154 which is 0.78 percent of the population of Uttar Pradesh. It is a predominantly rural district with only 7.10 percent of residents that are urbanized. The three largest towns are Sarai Aquil, Bharwari and Ajhuwa. Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes form 36.11 percent of the population. The three largest scheduled caste groups are Pasi , Chamar and Dhobi. The three largest scheduled tribe groups are Tharu, Generic Tribes and All Scheduled Tribes. 49.96 percent of the district’s population is in the age group of 15–59 years and 6.89 percent is over 59 years.
Kausami has a low overall literacy rate of 46.88 percent and 35.6 percent of girls marry before the legal age of 18 years. (Ref: Census of India, 2001)
Kosambi was one of the greatest cities in India from the late Vedic period till the... Read More