- This article describes Krishna's role in the Mahabharata. For the main article on Krishna, see Krishna.
Within the Indian epic Mahabharata
was the son of the Yadava
and his wife Devaki
. Hence he was known as Vasudeva Krishna or Vasudeva.
Krishna as a political reformer
Krishna was the key political figure in overthrowing Kamsa
or Kansa, the king of Surasena Kingdom
. The kingdom of Surasena was the native kingdom of Yadava
clans constituted by the Andhakas, Vrishnis and Bhojas. By overthrowing Kansa, Krishna re-established the old king Ugrasena
on the throne and stabilized the kingdom from collapse due to factional fighting within the kingdom.
The next threat came from outside the country, from the Magadha Kingdom
. The ruler of Magadha, Jarasandha
, attacked Surasena many times and weakened its military. Krishna and other Yadava chiefs all tried their best to hold on. At last they had to flee from their native kingdom to the south and to the west.
Later, with the initiative of Krishna, the Yadavas who fled from Surasena formed a new kingdom called Dwaraka
. Its capital was Dwaravati, a city well protected by mountains on all sides, in an island, not far from the Gujarat
coast. This made it immune to attacks from land. The kingdom prospered by sea trade with sea-faring kingdoms.
Krishna also established a tie-up of Yadavas with the Pandavas
, a faction of Kuru
, who were fighting against the established Kuru Kingdom
. This tie up also benefited the... Read More