(; born 16 August 1974 in Budapest, Hungary
) is a Hungarian
former world record holding swimmer and one of the greatest Hungarian Olympic champions of the modern era. She is a three time Olympian (1988
) and five time Olympic champion; and one of two individuals to have ever won the same swimming event at 3 consecutive Summer Olympics.
She held the world record
in the long course 200 m backstroke for almost 17 years (August 1991 – February 2008), after setting it at the 1991 European Championships
(2:06.62). As of June 2009, that time remains the European
and Hungarian records
. It is the oldest record on the European list, and the second-oldest on the Hungarian list—Egerszegi's former world record in the 100 m backstroke (1:00.31), set 3 days prior to the 200 m backstroke, is the oldest.
She made her international debut at the 1987 European Aquatics Championships
at the age of 13, coming fourth in the 200 m backstroke and fifth in the 100 m backstroke.
At the 1988 Summer Olympics
she won silver medal in the 100 m backstroke and became Olympic champion in the 200 m backstroke. At the age of 14 years and 41 days she became the youngest-ever female Olympic champion in swimming. This youth record was broken in 1992 by Kyoko Iwasaki
At the 1989 European Aquatics Championships
she competed in three events adding the 400 m medley to the 100 m and... Read More