is the capital city
of Kumamoto Prefecture
on the island
. Greater Kumamoto (熊本都市圏
) has a population of 1,460,000, as of the 2000 Census. It is not considered part of the Fukuoka-Kitakyushu
metropolitan area, despite their shared border.
, a contemporary of Toyotomi Hideyoshi
, was made daimyo
of half of the (old) administrative region of Higo
in 1588. After that, Kiyomasa built Kumamoto Castle
. Due to its many innovative defensive designs
, Kumamoto Castle was considered impregnable, and Kiyomasa enjoyed a reputation as one of the finest castle-builders in Japanese history. After Kiyomasa died in 1611, his son, Tadahiro, succeeded him, but Tadahiro was removed by Tokugawa Ieyasu
in 1633<!-- 1633? Tokugawa Ieyasu died in 1616 -->, replacing him with the Hosokawa clan
. Former Prime Minister of Japan Hosokawa Morihiro
is a direct descendant of the Hosokawa clan of Kumamoto. Another famous politician, former president of Peru Alberto Fujimori
, also has roots in Kumamoto; Fujimori's parents emigrated from Kumamoto to Peru early in the 20th century.
- On February 1, 1991 the towns of Akita, Kawachi, Tenmei and Hokubu, all from Hōtaku District, were merged into Kumamoto.
- On October 6, 2008 the town of Tomiai, from Shimomashiki District, was merged into Kumamoto.
- On March 23, 2010 the town of Jōnan, also from Shimomashiki District; and the town of Ueki, from Kamoto District, were merged into Kumamoto.<ref......