Kumyk language

Kumyk Language

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Kumyk language

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Kumyk (Qumuq tili, Qumuqça or Qumuq (alternative spelling: Kumuk tili, Kumukça)) (Къумукъ тили) is a Turkic language, spoken by about 365,000 speakers (the Kumyks) in the Dagestan republic of Russian Federation.

Yırçı Qazaq (born 1839) is usually considered to be a founder of Kumyk literature. Kumyk was written using Arabic script until 1928, using Latin script from 1928–1938, and using Cyrillic since then.

The first regular newspapers and magazines appeared in 1917-18. Currently, the newspaper Ёлдаш (Yoldash, Companion), the successor of the Soviet-era Ленин ёлу (Lenin yolu, Lenin's Path), prints around 5,000 copies 3 times a week.

It has been strongly influenced by Azeri and Dargwa, as well as by Russian during last century.


A Latin based alphabet was used from 1927–1937.

A Cyrillic based alphabet has been used since 1937.

Latin Alfabet (other version)


  • Saodat Doniyorova and Toshtemirov Qahramonil. Parlons Koumyk. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2004. ISBN 2747564479.


External links


<!--Interwikis-->Kumık diliLenga kumyk
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