<!-- See WikiProject Indian cities
for details -->Kurnool
( ) is a city in the Kurnool district
of Andhra Pradesh
state in southern India
, about south of state capital, Hyderabad
. It is the administrative seat of the district. Kurnool is the gateway to Rayalaseema
and the largest city in the area, with a population around 329122. From 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956, Kurnool was the capital of Andhra State. It has many educational institutions and is also a major hub for banking and insurance companies.
There are many theories about the origin of the name Kurnool.
According to , (Narahari Gopalakristnamah Chetty, 1886), the name Kurnool is derived from Kandenavolu or Kandanavolu (a Telugu name by which it is referred to in the inscriptions and literature of the past), pronounced as karnooluu. According to the legend, in the time of the Western Chalukyas
in the 11th century AD, the Vadderas
who carted stones for the construction of the temples at Alampur
(also known as Dakshina Kasi in Mahaboobnagar District), used the site on which the city now stands as a resting place before crossing the Tungabhadra
. Here, they greased their cart-wheels with oil, which was supplied by some of the local oil mongers. They called the place Kandenametta.
The strategic position led to the formation of a small settlement on the spot which subsequently came to be known as Kandenapalli, Kandenolu and Kandenavolu, the city of Kandena or grease. The site which was used... Read More