<!-- This article is a part of WikiProject Aircraft
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for recommended layout. -->The Kyūshū Q1W Tokai
(東海 "Eastern Sea"), was a land-based anti-submarine
patrol bomber aircraft
developed for the Imperial Japanese Navy
in World War II
. The Allied reporting name
. Although similar in appearance to the German Junkers Ju 88
medium bomber, the Q1W was a much smaller aircraft with significantly different design details.
Design and development
The Imperial Japanese Navy ordered development of the Kyūshū Q1W as the Navy Experimental 17-Shi Patrol Plane
in September 1942
, and the first test flight took place in September 1943
. It entered service in January 1945
. The Q1W carried two low-power engines, allowing for long periods of low-speed flight, and was the first purpose-designed anti-submarine warfare aircraft in the world.
In same period Kyūshū built the K11W1
Shiragiku, a bomber training plane (also used in Kamikaze
strikes) and the Q3W1 Nankai (South Sea
), a specialized antisubmarine version of the K11W. The latter was of all-wood construction and was destroyed during a landing accident on its first flight.
Another specific anti-submarine airplane was the Mitsubishi Q2M
1 "Taiyō" (which was derived from Mitsubishi Ki-67
Hiryū "Peggy" Torpedo-bomber), but this did not progress beyond the preliminary design stage.