La Movida Madrileña
() was a countercultural movement that took place mainly in Madrid
during the Spanish transition
after Francisco Franco
's death in 1975. It represented the resurrection of the economy in Spain
and the emergence of a new Spanish identity.
Although this hedonistic
cultural wave was born in Madrid, it emerged in parallel in other Spanish urban centers, such as Barcelona
. It was characterized by freedom of expression, transgression of the taboos imposed by the Franco Regime, use of recreational drugs
, the "coming out" of the Madrilenian cheli
and the "pasota" dialect and a new spirit of freedom on the streets.
comprised many art movements; Pedro Almodóvar
became the best known example internationally after his later success as a film director.
Many bands from the capital city contributed to the spread of the movement, such as Kaka de Luxe, Alaska y los Pegamoides
(fronted by singer Alaska
, also hostess of the children’s TV program ‘’La Bola de Cristal
’’), Pop Decó / Paraíso, Radio Futura
, Nacha Pop
, Los Secretos, Ejecutivos Agresivos, los Elegantes, Los Modelos, Tótem, Aviador Dro
, Los Bólidos, Los Nikis, Los Zombies, Parálisis Permanente, Derribos Arias, Glutamato Ye-ye
, Alphaville, RH+, La Mode, Las Chinas, Rubi y los Casinos, Gabinete Caligari, Los Coyotes, Fahrenheit 451, Los Monaguillosh, Décima Víctima, Flash Strato, Los Pistones, Alaska y Dinarama and... Read More