The Lagos Accord
was a peace agreement
signed on August 21, 1979 by representatives of eleven warring factions of the Chadian Civil War
, after a conference in Lagos
. The accord established the procedures for setting up the Transitional Government of National Unity
(GUNT), which was sworn into office in November, 1979. By mutual agreement, Goukouni Oueddei
was named president, Wadel Abdelkader Kamougué
was appointed vice-president, and Hissène Habré
was named minister of national defense, veterans, and war victims. The distribution of cabinet positions was balanced between south (eleven portfolios), north, center, and east (thirteen), and among protégés of neighboring states.
A peacekeeping mission of the Organization of African Unity
(OAU), to be drawn from troops from Republic of the Congo
, and Benin
, was to replace the French
. This force never materialized in any effective sense.
The participants of GUNT deeply mistrusted each other, and they never achieved a sense of coherence. As a result, the various factional militias remained armed. By January 1980, a unit of Habré's army was attacking the forces of one of the constituent groups of GUNT in Ouaddaï Prefecture
, and the Chadian conflict soon reached new heights of intensity with widespread destruction of life and property.