The district of Lahaul-Spiti
in the Indian state
of Himachal Pradesh
consists of the two formerly separate districts of Lahaul and Spiti. The present administrative centre is Keylong
in Lahaul. Before the two districts were merged, Kardang
was the capital of Lahaul, and Dhankar
the capital of Spiti.Kunzum la
or the Kunzum Pass
(altitude 4,551 m; 14,931 ft) is the entrance pass to the Spiti Valley
from Lahaul. It is 21 km from Chandra Tal
. This district is connected to Manali
through the Rohtang Pass
. To the south, Spiti ends 24 km from Tabo
, at the Sumdo where the road enters Kinnaur
and joins with National Highway No. 22.
The two valleys are quite different in character. Spiti is more barren and difficult to cross, with an average elevation of the valley floor of 4,270 m (14,009 ft). It is enclosed between lofty ranges, with the Spiti river rushing out of a gorge in the southeast to meet the Sutlej River. It is a typical mountain desert area with an average annual rainfall of only 170 mm (6.7 inches).
Flora and fauna
The harsh conditions of Lahaul permit only scattered tufts of hardy grasses and shrubs to grow, even below 4,000 metres. Glacier lines are usually found at 5,000 metres.
Animals such as yaks
roam across the wild Lingti plains. However, over-hunting and a decrease in food... Read More