(: Sevana Lich
) is the largest lake in Armenia
and one of the largest high-altitude lakes in the world.
Lake Sevan is situated in the central part of the Republic of Armenia, inside the Gegharkunik Province
, at the altitude of 1,900m above sea level. The total surface area of its basin is about 5,000 km<sup>2</sup>, the lake itself is 940 km<sup>2</sup>, and the volume is 34.0 bln cubic meters. It is fed by 28 rivers and streams. Only 10% of the outgoing water is drained by the Hrazdan
(Razdan) river, while the remaining 90% evaporates.
Before human intervention dramatically changed the Lake Sevan ecosystem, the lake was 95 metres deep, covered an area of 1,360 km² (5% of Armenia's entire area), had a volume of 58 km³ and a perimeter of 260 km. The lake surface was at an altitude of 1,950 m above sea level.
Along with Lake Van
and Lake Urmia
, Sevan was considered one of the three great lakes of the historical Armenian Kingdom
, collectively referred to as the Seas of Armenia
; it is the only one within the boundaries of today's Republic of Armenia. The Sevanavank
peninsula (formerly an island) is the historic area of the lake at its northern shores.
Historical names of the lake are Gegharkunik
(), Sea of Gegham
(Greek and Latin). The name Sevan
literally means "Black Van" referring to Lake Van
. It is said that long ago, Armenians came from the areas around Lake Van... Read More