Lake Urmia

Lake Urmia

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Lake Urmia

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Lake Urmia ( Daryâcheh-ye Orumiyeh (or Oroumieh); , or ; ancient name: Lake Matiene)Henry, Roger (2003) Synchronized chronology: rethinking Middle East antiquity : a simple correction to Egyptian chronology resolves the major problems in biblical and Greek archaeology Algora Publishing, New York, , ISBN 0-87586-191-1E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936 Volume 7 citing Strabo and Ptolemy. is a salt lake in northwestern Iran, near Iran's border with Turkey. The lake is between the Iranian provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan, west of the southern portion of the similarly shaped Caspian Sea. It is the largest lake in the Middle East, and the third largest salt water lake on earth, with a surface area of approximately 5,200 km² (2,000 mile²), 140 km (87 miles) length, 55 km (34 miles) width, and 16 m (52 ft) depth.

History

One of the early mentions of Lake Urmia is from the Assyrian records from 9th century BCE. Here from the records of Shalmaneser III (reign 858-824 BCE) two names (place or tribe name) of Parsuwash and Matai are mentioned in the area of Lake Urmia. It is not completely clear what are the identities of these names and subsequent personal names and "kings". But Matai's are Iranian Median and linguistically the name "Parsuwash" matches perfectly with the Old Persian pārsa- an Achaemenid well-known...
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