Landsberg am Lech
is a town in southwest Bavaria
, about 65 kilometers west of Munich
and 35 kilometers south of Augsburg
. It is the capital of the district of Landsberg am Lech
The town is noted for its prison
where Adolf Hitler
was incarcerated in 1924. During this incarceration Hitler wrote/dictated his book Mein Kampf
together with Rudolf Hess. His cell, number 7, became part of the cult of Nazism
and many followers came to visit it during the German Nazi-period. Landsberg am Lech was also known as the town of the Hitler youth. Following World War II
it was the location for one of the largest Displaced Person
refugees and the place of execution for more than 150 war criminals after 1945.
It is the birthplace of the Nobel laureate Erwin Neher
The town comprises three main areas. The historic old town centre of Landsberg, which lies between the river Lech and its easterly elevated bank. The area to the west of the river Lech (Katharinenvorstadt, Neuerpfting, Weststadt, Schwaighofsiedlung – today by far the biggest part of the town) and the area on the easterly elevated bank (Bayervorstadt) developed since the early 19th century.
Also belonging to Landsberg are the hamlets of Sandau
as well as the former independent boroughs of Ellighofen
(with Friedheim, Geratshof
) and Reisch
Landsberg Concentration Camp and displaced person...