Language policies of Francoist Spain

Language Policies Of Francoist Spain

Language policies of Francoist Spain

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Language politics in Francoist Spain centered on attempts in Spain under Franco to increase the dominance of the Spanish language (Castilian) over the other languages of Spain.The regime of Francisco Franco had Spanish nationalism as one of its bases.

Under his dictatorship, the Spanish language (known in some parts of Spain as castellano, i.e., Castilian) was declared Spain's only official language.The public use of other languages was either banned, frowned upon or despised depending on the particular circumstances and timing. The situation evolved from the harshest years of the immediate afterwar (especially the 1940s, also the '50s) to the relative tolerance of the last years (late '60s and early '70s); Franco died in 1975, and his successor Juan Carlos of Spain began the Spanish transition to democracy.

Previous situation

For the first time in the history of Spain, the Second Republic recognised Galician, Basque, and Catalan as official languages when it granted autonomy for some regions with a local language.

The Spanish language

As part of the nationalistic efforts:
  • Spanish films were produced only in Spanish. Foreign films were required to be dubbed.
  • Spanish names and Spanish versions of Catholic and classical names were the only ones allowed. Leftist names like LenĂ­n and regional names like even the Catalan Jordi (after Catalonia's patron saint, Saint George) were forbidden and even forcefully substituted in official records. Only Christian names in Spanish......
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