has a population of approximately 2,400 people as of 2005. Approximately 70% of the people are Norwegian
; the remaining 30% are Russian
. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian
is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk
was the lingua franca
of the entire Barents Sea
The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.
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is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly Svalbardposten
is published in it.
Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include Longyearbyen
, the capital, Ny-Ålesund
There is a Polish Station
Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include Barentsburg
Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital Longyearbyen
, and appears in some signage.
Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include Grumant
until 1961, Pyramiden
The Arctic Yellow River Station
was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China
speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for... Read More