Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr Diop
(1842–1886), son of Sakhéwère Sokhna Mbaye
and the Linguère royal Ngoné Latyr Fall
, was a 19th century Damel
(king) of Cayor
, a Wolof
state that is today in south central Sénégal
A great resistance hero of Senegalese history, famed for his defiance and battles against the French, Lat Dior was deposed twice, in 1869 and 1879.
He converted to Islam around 1861, and made common cause with other Wolof
states to resist French colonialism. Instrumental in his conversion was the Almamy
, Maba Diakhou Bâ
. An ally of the Toucouleur empire
's El Hadj Umar Tall
, Maba convinced Lat-Dior both to convert, and to aid non-Wolof Islamic states of the region against their common foes.
Dior led his troops beside Maba in the battle of Rip on 30 November 1865, at the battle of Pathé Badiane in 1864 and Ngol Ngol in 1865. With Lat Dior, Maba took part in the conquests of the states of Sine
Facing the French
in 1865, they combined forces with soldiers from Waalo
to face the French fortifications of governor Émile Pinet-Laprade
but were repulsed.
After the French conquered Waalo
, (re-appointed) governor Louis Faidherbe
invaded Cayor in 1865 in order to stop the Damel's opposition to the construction of the Dakar
to Saint-Louis railway
. Dior is reported to have told the later French Governor Servatius:
"As long as I live, be assured, I......