The Lausitzer Seenland
lakeland") is a chain of artificial lakes in Germany
, situated across the north-eastern part of Saxony
and the southern part of Brandenburg
. Through flooding as a part of an extensive regeneration programme, several decommissioned lignite opencast mines
are in process to be transformed to Europe's largest artificial lake district by 2018.
Since the end of the 19th century, the area has been an industrial region, producing lignite and electricity
. With the reunification of Germany
in 1990, it was decided to end this long tradition because of the dwindling quantity of lignite and the heavy pollution
of the surrounding environment. Although the mining continues and some big power stations
continue to produce electricity with it, all industrial activities should cease by 2020.
Since the 1970s, some of the old pits left by the mining process have been transformed into a new landscape formerly unknown in this region. What was once a flat land overgrown with heather
and a few trees is now lake district comparable with the Mecklenburg Lake Plateau
or Masurian Lakeland
. Everything started with the "creation" of the Knappensee, and that of the Senftenberger See, still one of the biggest lakes in the region.
Further lakes have been created, with plans for over twenty large lakes being laid.Lakes that have already been created include:
- in the north: Gräbendörfer See, Altdöberner See, Bergheiner......