(variously spelled) is the name for the Eagle "clan" (phratry) in the language
of the Tsimshian
nation of British Columbia
, Canada, and southeast Alaska
. It is considered analogous or identical to identically named groups among the neighboring Gitksan
nations and also to lineages in the Haida
The name Laxsgiik
derives from xsgiik,
the word for eagle in the Tsimshian, Gitksan, and Nisga'a languages.
The chief crest of the Laxsgiik is the Eagle. Beaver and Halibut are also common Laxsgiik crests.
Tsimshian, Gitksan, and Nisga'a matrilineal houses belonging to the Laxsgiik tend to belong to one of two groups, the Gwinhuut and the Gitxon.
(meaning literally "refugees") are according to tradition descended from migrations from the Eagle-clan peoples of the Tlingit
nation in what is now Alaska. Gwinhuut houses are more numerous than Gitxon ones, and they are related to various Tlingit Eagle groups. All Gitksan Laxsgiik are Gwinhuut, as are most Tsimshian and Nisga'a Laxsgiik houses.
Gwinhuut houses include:
(also spelled Gitxhoon) group mostly claim descent from ancient migrations from the Queen Charlotte Islands
, homeland of the Haida
is popularly etymologized as git
(people of) + x
(to eat) + hoon
(salmon), yielding the meaning "salmon... Read More