The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway C2 class
was a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotives
, intended for heavy freight trains. Fifty-five were built by the Vulcan Foundry
between 1893 and 1902 to the design of Robert J. Billinton
In January 1891 Robert Billinton
was given authority to build ten new 0-6-0
freight locomotives, to take over from Stroudley
's C1 class
. However, at the time, Brighton works
was fully committed building Billinton's various classes of radial tanks
and so tenders were sought from outside contractors. Ultimately the Vulcan Foundry
agreed to construct these ten locomotives, and further orders were received at intervals until 55 had been purchased by February 1902. The class were therefore nicknamed 'Vulcans'.
The class were fairly successful initially, but during the first decade of the twentieth century the railway experienced a rapid growth in traffic and by 1905 the class were no longer capable of hauling the heaviest trains without loss of time. Douglas Earle Marsh's
initial response was to introduce his C3 class
with a larger boiler in 1906, but the performance of these proved to be disappointing.
In 1908 Marsh therefore rebuilt one C2 with a larger diameter steel boiler and extended smokebox. In doing so he created an excellent powerful freight locomotive that was classified "C2X". The rebuild was so successful that all but ten of the class were similarly rebuilt over the next thirty years, and were nicknamed ' Large... Read More