The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway E3 Class
were 0-6-2Tside tank steam locomotives
. Seventeen were built and they were designed by R. J. Billinton
as a development of an earlier design by William Stroudley
In the summer of 1889 Stroudley designed a class 0-6-2 radial tanks
to replace his earlier E1
for short-distance goods and shunting duties. However, only one locomotive was under construction at the time of Stroudley's death. R. J. Billinton
order further work to be delayed whilst he made detailed modifications. This locomotive, No. 158 West Brighton
appeared in traffic in 1891, and was originally classified as F class, but later re-classified as E3.
Once the original teething troubles had been rectified, Billinton ordered a further sixteen locomotives to a broadly similar design. These entered traffic between November 1894 and December 1895. All were rebuilt with new boilers
and extended smokeboxes
from 1918 and some had increased boiler pressure. Cylinder diameter was reduced from by the Southern Railway
The prototype No. 158 was withdrawn in 1934
, but the remainder all entered British Railways
service in 1948
and were numbered 32165–32170 and 32453–32462. The final E3 was withdrawn in 1959
and none survived into preservation.
- Bradley, D.L. (1972) The locomotives of the London, Brighton & South Coast Railway: Part 2, The Railway Correspondence and Travel Society, ISBN 0-901115-21-5
- Ian Allan ABC of British Railways......