; 1384 or 1385? – 1433), posthumously known with the temple name Lê Thái Tổ
), was Emperor of Vietnam
and founder of the Later Lê Dynasty
. Lê Lợi is among the most famous figures from the medieval period of Vietnamese history and one of its greatest heroes.
Lê Lợi was the youngest of three sons. His father was an aristocratic nobleman in Lam Son
(northern-Vietnam). The town was in a newly colonized area of Vietnam which would eventually be called Thanh Hóa Province
. Lam Son had been established by Lê Lợi's great-grandfather Le Hoi sometime in the 1330s. His exact date of birth is not certain, but 1384 is generally agreed on by historians. Lam Son was on the frontier of Vietnam, as a result it was further and hence more free from government control.
This was a troubled time in Vietnam's history as the Hồ Dynasty
in 1400 finally displaced the Trần Dynasty
and set about reforming the kingdom. Hồ rule was short lived as members of the Trần Dynasty petitioned for intervention from the mighty Ming Emperor Yongle
(永樂 Vĩnh Lạc) to the north. He responded by sending a powerful army south into Vietnam and vanquished the Hồ. Upon failing to find a Trần heir, the Ming choose to re-establish sovereignty over Vietnam, as was the case in the days of the Tang empire
, some 500 years previously.
The Ming enjoyed some support from the Vietnamese, at least in the capital of Hanoi
but their efforts to... Read More