League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry, 548 U. S. 399 (2006), is a Supreme Court of the United States case in which the Court ruled that only District 23 of the 2003 Texas redistricting violated the Voting Rights Act. The Court refused to throw out the entire plan, ruling that the plaintiffs failed to state a sufficient claim of partisan gerrymandering. The opinion requires lawmakers to adjust Congressional district boundaries in comport with the Court's ruling, though the ruling does not threaten Republican gains as a result of the redistricting in Texas. The Court also declined to resolve a dispute over whether partisan gerrymandering claims present nonjusticiable political questions.
The plaintiff's argument of this being a statewide unconstitutional partisan gerrymander was rejected 7-2.
The plaintiff's argument that states can't redistrict more than once per census under the federal constitution or acts of US congress were both explicitly rejected. States can mid-decade redistrict however often they please. The states must redistrict at least once every ten years.
Frost's old district claim
The challenge to Martin Frost's old district being shattered was also rejected. The majority of the court noted that old district 24 had three separate communities to begin with (Anglos, Blacks, Latino) and Frost (an Anglo Democrat) never having been challenged in 22 years in a primary made it impossible to dispute the... Read More