Learn About Growing Pomegranate Trees
Pomegranates originate in Asia but have also widely and for a long time been cultivated throughout the Mediterranean. Pomegranates are mostly shrub like, and can be classified as a fruiting citrus plant. Pomegranates can tolerate high temperatures and very dry conditions which is one of the reasons they are well suited to a Mediterranean climate.
Pomegranates are a part of many cuisines, but most noticeable Mediterranean cuisines as a result of their long agricultural history there. Pomegranates are used to make juice, top salads and of course just plain eating.
Soil & Light Conditions
Pomegranates will thrive in many soil conditions that don't get waterlogged. Pomegranates can thrive in slightly acid and slightly alkaline soil but picking a variety that does well in your region can help take the guess work out about what conditions are ideal for your pomegranate in terms of PH.
Pomegranates should be planted in full sun and do best in the most brightly lit area of your yard. When planting a pomegranate tree as a transplant you should treat it like any other fruit tree, dig a hole that is at least twice as deep as the root ball and fill the hole in with rich soil or compost.
You can plant pomegranates from seed, but they can take 6 weeks to germinate and often will not have the same desirable characteristics of their parents.
Cloning or air layering can be done but is difficult and requires a lot of labor due to the difficulty in working with hardwood cuttings.
For the home gardener it is probably best to start with a transplant from a local nursery and this will also help to insure you get a regionally hardy variety.
Pomegranate Varieties and Pruning
There are quite ranges of pomegranate varieties, the most common commercially are Wonderful, Purple Seed, and Spanish Ruby or Spanish Ruby Red. Pomegranates are not carriers for agricultural pests that have been quarantined and therefore many varieties can be readily acquired through mail order nurseries or even online. In order to train pomegranates to be more like a tree they require frequently pruning.
Pomegranates when left to their own devices will as a result grow in a very shrub-like manner. To prevent the shrub-like growth pattern you will need to prune off any "suckers" or addition growths that will continuously appear from the trunk. However pruning of pomegranates is mostly necessary for aesthetics, you do not need to do more than annual removal of dead portions of the plant.
Pomegranates will continue to fruit even when they are not pruned and so they can be left to grow in a somewhat wild manner.