The Legislative Assembly
is the Parliament
based in the capital Apia
where the country's central administration is situated.
In the Samoan language
, the Legislative Assembly of Samoa is sometimes referred to as the Samoan Fono
while the government
of the country is referred to as the Malo
The word fono
is a Samoan and Polynesian term for councils or meetings great and small and applies to national assemblies and legislatures, as well as local village councils.
The modern government of Samoa exists on a national level alongside the country's fa'amatai
indigenous chiefly system of governance and social organisation.
The Samoan Fono is descended from the Western Samoa Legislative Assembly established under New Zealand rule in the early 1900s. On the country's political independence in 1962, the 5th Legislative Assembly became the 1st Samoan Parliament
Members of Parliament
The Samoan Fono has 49 Members of Parliament. 47 members are matai
(traditional heads of families), elected in six two-seat and 35 single-seat constituencies
. The other 2 Members are elected by, and represent, individual voters, i.e. "Samoan citizens descended from non-Samoans".
Members of Parliament in Samoa are directly elected by universal suffrage, and serve a five year term.
Head of State
The Head of State or O le Ao o le Malo
is elected for a five... Read More