Leiden University Library
is a library
founded in 1575 in Leiden
. It is regarded as a significant place in the development of European culture: it is a part of a small number of cultural centres that gave direction to the development and spread of knowledge during the Enlightenment
. This was due particularly to the simultaneous presence of a unique collection of exceptional sources and scholars.Christiane Berkvens-Stevelinck. Magna commoditas : geschiedenis van de Leidse universiteitsbibliotheek 1575-2000
Holdings include approximately 3,500,000 volumes, 1,000,000 e-books
, 20,000 current serials, 30,000 e-journals
, 60,000 Oriental and Western manuscripts
, 450,000 letters
, 70,000 maps
, 100,000 prints
, 12,000 drawings
and 120,000 photographs
- "Est hic magna commoditas bibliothecae ut studiosi possint studere"
- :—Josephus Justus Scaliger
- "The greatest advantage of the library is that those who want to study, can study."
The 16th-century Dutch Revolt
against the Habsburgs created a new country with a new religion. Soon, the need for a seat of higher learning was felt and in 1575 Leiden University
was founded with the spoils from a confiscated Catholic monastery nearby.
At the time the university was founded, it was immediately determined that a library in the vicinity of lecture halls was an absolute necessity. The library's first book was the Polyglot Bible, printed by Christoffel Plantijn
, a gift of......