The rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) people in Hungary have evolved through Hungarian history.
Law regarding same-sex sexual activity
The first Hungarian penal code (1878) punished homosexuality between men ("természet elleni fajtalanság" – perverse fornication) with prison to 1 year . Homosexual activity above the age of 20 was decriminalized in 1961, then above the age of 18 in 1978 by the new penal code. The age of consent, which is 14, has applied equally to heterosexual and homosexual activity since a Constitutional Court decision of 2002. Gay and bisexual people are not banned from military service.
Recognition of same-sex relationships
Unregistered cohabitation has been recognised since 1996. It applies to any couple living together in an economic and sexual relationship (common-law marriage), including same-sex couples. No official registration is required. The law gives some specified rights and benefits to two persons living together. These rights and benefits are not automatically given – they must be applied for to the social department of the local government in each case. Unregistered cohabitation is defined in the Civil Code as "Partners – if not stipulated otherwise by law – are two people living in an emotional and economic community in the same household without being married or having entered into registered partnership." Inheritance is possible only with testament, widow-pension is available for... Read More