is a variant of political conservatism
which incorporates liberal
elements. As "conservatism" and "liberalism" have had different meanings over time and across countries, the term "liberal conservatism" has been used in quite different senses, and in some countries would be considered an oxymoron
, even though in the Continental Europe
it represents a particularly natural concept. In general, it has carried two broad meanings – an oxymoronic position in the United States (attempting to reconcile the mutually exclusive ideologies of progressive U.S. liberalism
and capitalistic, Christianity-influenced U.S. conservatism
) and a natural, common position in present-day Western Europe of socially tolerant traditionalism.
Modern European liberal conservatism combines current conservative policies with more liberal stances on social issues. Centre-right political parties in Europe are usually liberal conservative. Compared to a different group of centre-right parties, such as Christian democratic
parties, liberal conservatism is less traditionalist, and usually more libertarian
economically, favouring low-taxes and small government.
Classical conservatism and economic liberalism
Historically, in the 18th and 19th centuries, conservatism
comprised a set of principles based on concern for established tradition
, respect for authority, and religious values. This form of classical conservatism
is often... Read More