The liberum veto (Latin for "I freely forbid") was a parliamentary device in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It allowed any member of the Sejm (legislature) to force an immediate end to the current session and nullify any legislation that had already been passed at the session by shouting Nie pozwalam! (Polish: "I do not allow!").
At the same time, liberum veto has been criticized as responsible for the deterioration of the Commonwealth political system, particularly in the 18th century, when foreign powers bribed Sejm members to paralyze the proceedings for many decades. Piotr Stefan Wandycz wrote that "liberum veto had become the sinister symbol of old Polish anarchy".<ref... Read More