The park was originally used as a dump, and then as the site for Lincoln Hospital during the civil war. Walt Whitman visited the hospital patients at the site.
Situated one mile directly east of the United States Capitol, Lincoln Park is maintained by the National Park service. The park is bounded by 11th Street NE and SE on the west, 13th Street NE and SE on the east, East Capitol Street NE on the North, and East Capitol Street SE on the south. It is four blocks northeast of Eastern Market, Washington, D.C. It is also known as Lincoln Square.