Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial

Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial

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Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial

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The Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial is a 162 acre (0.65 kmĀ²) state parkIllinois Department of Natural Resources. . located on the Sangamon River in Macon County near Harristown, Illinois, United States.

Home of Lincoln family



The state memorial is believed to contain the site of the homestead, from March 1830 until March 1831, of pioneer Thomas Lincoln and about 12 members of his extended family, including grown son Abraham Lincoln.

The Lincolns moved to this location, west of Decatur, Illinois, from Indiana in March 1830. Using local logs, they constructed a 18 x log cabin on the site. It was here that Abraham split rails for his father's 10-acre (4-hectare) field, and also "hired out" to split rails for neighboring pioneer farmers, inspiring his later political nickname, the Rail Splitter. Split-rail fences were used by pioneer farmers to confine their stock, or to prevent free-range livestock from getting into and damaging a crop field.

The homestead was not successful. The Lincoln family's corn crop produced a disappointing yield, partly because it was planted directly in the sod of the tallgrass prairie, and many of the members of the family then developed severe cases of malaria associated with living in the Illinois wetlands. Following this came the winter of 1830-1831, known to pioneers as the Winter of the......
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