is known to have had close to, or in excess of 100 drinking water reservoirs called ab anbars
before modernization in the 20th century.
Only ten remain fully intact today. All are protected as national cultural heritage relics. The extant ab anbars of Qazvin are:
Built in 1682 (1093 AH lunar) during the reign of Shah Suleyman I Safavi, located next to the Jame’ (congregation) mosque, with the benefactor listed as Ali Khan-e Nāmi (6, 410). This ab anbar has a second private stairway that opens directly into the tank, for lay-rubi. The Sarooj
covered walls are 2.4 meters thick (3, 80) surrounding all sides of the tank.
- Ab anbar of Sardar e Bozorg
Two brothers by the names of Mohammad Hasan Khan
and Mohammad Hosein Qoli Khan
e Sardar who were commanders of The Qajar monarch Fath-ali shah’s army make a vow to build a mosque, school, and ab anbar in the driest part of the city (3, 81) if they return victorious from a battle against the Russian army (1). This ab anbar was finished in 1812 (1227 AH lunar). Its walls are 3 m thick (3, 81).
- Ab anbar of Sardar e Kuchak
With 37 steps, 4 faucets located at various intervals, four domes, and four semi-windcatchers, this ab anbar was built in 1814 (1229 AH lunar) as part of a school-mosque-ab anbar complex by the same two brothers (3, 82).
With 40 steps, 2 faucets, and 2 windcatchers standing 8 m tall, and storage walls 3 m thick, this ab anbar was finished in 1840... Read More