The Constitutional President of the Republic of Ecuador serves as both the head of state and head of government of Ecuador, is the highest political office in the country as the head of the executive branch of government. As per the Ecuadorian Constitution of 2008, the President can serve two four-year terms. Prior to that, the president could only serve one four-year term. The current President of Ecuador is Rafael Correa, first elected in 2006. Correa was re-elected to a second term in April 2009, and sworn in on August 10, 2009.
The Presidency of Ecuador has been marked by periods of instability, causing the office to change hands frequently throughout the history of the country. At least five times, the duties of the president have been charged to a provisional government or a military junta. Often, the office has been left to an interim or acting president, many of whom would go on to become president. The President who has served the most terms in office is José María Velasco Ibarra, who served five. The last president to serve out his complete term in office is Sixto Durán Ballén, from 1992 - 1996.