The title of National Hero of Indonesia () is awarded by the government of Indonesia to people considered to have made a significant contribution to the fight for independence or the development of the nation.
The tradition of officially naming people Indonesian National Heroes began in the time of President Sukarno. The first person awarded the title was Abdul Muis via Presidential Decision No. 218/1959 issued on 30 August 1959. As of the beginning of 2009, 143 people had been named as National Heroes.
There are four types of National Hero:
National Independence Hero: the term used during the administration of President Sukarno
National Hero: used since the beginning of President Suharto's administration
The first set of criteria for a national hero was set out in Presidential Decision No. 241/1958. It defined a National Independence Hero as "a person who throughout his/her life, because of love for the nation did great service or led an organized activity to oppose colonialism in Indonesia, fighting enemies from overseas, or who did great service in the area of politics, statesmanship,... Read More