() (79-8 BCE), born Liu Gengsheng
(劉更生), courtesy name Zizheng
(), was a famous Confucian
scholar of the Han Dynasty
. He was born in Xuzhou
and related to Liu Bang
, the founder of the Han dynasty. His son, Liu Xin
, developed the "Triple Concordance" astronomical system.
Liu compiled the first catalogue of the imperial library, the Bielu
, or Abstracts
(別錄/别录), and was the first editor of the Shan Hai Jing
(finished by his son). He was a prodigious collector of old stories, which he compiled into the Zhan Guo Ce
, the Xinxu
(新序, "New Prefaces"), the Shuoyuan
(說苑, "Garden of Stories"), the Lienü Zhuan
, and probably the Liexian Zhuan
In 26 BCE he was commanded by the emperor Han Chengdi to reorganize the neglected imperial library. This was done with the assistance of Liu Xin, who completed this task after his father's death. Thus in the cultural history of the Han, the Lius became the second famous family after Sima Tan
and Sima Qian
. They are credited with creatiing the canonical book format for classical texts, some of which went unchallenged until the Guodian discovery
- Fei, Zhengang, . Encyclopedia of China (Philosophy Edition), 1st ed.
- Loewe, Michael. (1986). "The Former Han Dynasty," in The Cambridge History of China: Volume I: the Ch'in and Han......