: Liujcouh) is a prefecture-level city
in north-central Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China
. Population: 3.6 million. Area: 18,667 km².
Liuzhou is located on the banks of the winding Liu River
, approximately 255 km from Nanning
, the provincial capital. Liuzhou is 537 km from Hong Kong
, 1,415 km from Shanghai
and 1,852 kilometres from Beijing
On motorway or highway, about 167 km to Guilin
,167 km to Hechi
,237 km to Nanning
,373 km to Fangchenggang
,448 km to Beihai
And about 580 km to Guiyang
,672 km to Changsha
,703 km to Guangzhou
,943 km to Chongqing
,1066 km to Kunming
, capital cities of provinces nearby.
Swimming in the river is a tradition of the city. The river is normally green, but sometimes in summer, floods from the mountain areas upstream bring sediment which colors the water yellow.
Liuzhou has a history of more than 2,100 years. The city was founded in 111 B.C. when it was known as Tanzhong. In 742 A.D. it became known as Longcheng (Dragon City), before finally changing to Liuzhou in 1736. The most famous historic figure is Liu Zongyuan
(773-819), who was a poet and politician in the Tang Dynasty
and who died in Liuzhou. He is commemorated by a park in the city.