The London and North Eastern Railway
(LNER) J94 Class
is a class of steam locomotive
that was formed when 75 former "Austerity" 0-6-0ST
were purchased by the LNER in 1946 from the War Department
The LNER had had trials with one in November 1945 and bought 75 of them in 1946, numbering them 8006-80. All entered British Railways
(BR) service in 1948. BR added 60000 to their numbers so they became 68006-80, and classified them 4F.
They were used for shunting in docks, and other similar work where their short wheelbase meant they could negotiate sharp curves. They were used on the Cromford and High Peak Railway
, where they displaced the ex-North London Railway Class 75
class 2F 0-6-0Ts.
They were withdrawn between 1960 and 1967. A few were sold into industrial use with the National Coal Board
(who had several other Austerities) and others.
Two, BR Nos 68077 and 68078 and have been preserved. In addition a large number of Austerities that were used in industry and have survived to preservation. Several of these have been disguised as BR locomotives.<!-- Removed some Thomas the tank engine nonsense - these are not ex-LNER engines -->
Locomotives disguised as J94s
The J94 in fiction
68011 was in the film The Great St. Trinian's Train Robbery
but it was scrapped after filming on the Longmoor Military Railway
. A "fake" J94, No. 3796 Errol Lonsdale
currently carries BR... Read More