Looting of the Eastern Mausoleum

Looting Of The Eastern Mausoleum

Looting of the Eastern Mausoleum

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Description:
Looting of the Eastern Mausoleum is an incident which the Qing empire's mausoleum were looted by the warlord, Sun Dianying.

Background

In the pre-dawn hours of July 8, 1928, the warlord Sun Dianying led his army into the Eastern Mausoleums of the Qing Dynasty in Malanyu, West northwest of Zunhua, Hebei Province. This was the final resting place of the Qing emperors and empresses, that lay about 120 kilometers from the Forbidden City in Beijing. The 78 square-kilometer burial site was for five emperors, 15 empresses and 136 imperial concubines within 15 tombs, including the first Qing emperor Shunzhi (1638–1661), China's longest reigning emperor Kangxi (1654–1722), China's most long-lived emperor Qianlong (1711–1799), and the infamous, powerful empress Cixi (1835–1908).

Looting operation

On June 12 of 1928, Sun Dianying, ordered a large scale grave robbing operation that removed almost all the underground funeral objects of the Huifeiling and Yuling Mausoleums and the underground palace of Puxiangyu East Dingling. Ma Futian, Regimental Commander in the 28th Army of Zhang Zuolin had quietly occupied Malanyu. Sun Dianying, ordered Tan Wenjiang, one of his Division commanders to capture the tomb area. At dawn on July 2, Ma Futian was driven away and Tan's army looted the mausoleums in Malanyu. After that, Sun's army went straight to the area of the Eastern Qing Tombs, pretending to engage in war exercises in the area. Tan Wenjiang placed policemen all around,...
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