Louis of Nassau
(January 10, 1538 – April 14, 1574) was the third son of William, Count of Nassau
, and Juliana of Stolberg
and the younger brother of Prince William of Orange Nassau
.Louis was a key figure in the revolt of the Netherlands against Spain, unlike his brother William, he was a strongly convinced Calvinist. He helped his brother in various ways including by arranging the marriage between William and his second wife Anna of Saxony
. In 1569 William appointed him governor of the principality of Orange
giving him an indisputable position in French politics.
In 1566 he was one of the leaders of the league of lesser nobles who signed the “Compromis des Nobles”. The Compromise was an open letter, in the form of a petition, to King Philip II of Spain
stating that he should withdraw the Inquisition in the Netherlands. On April 5, 1566, with the following of two hundred horsemen, the Compromise was presented to the regent Margaret of Austria
. During this audience one of her councilors, count Charles of Berlaymont
, tried to calm her nerves with the words “Quoi, Madame. Peur de ces gueux?”Wedgwood, C.V.
, “William the Silent, William of Nassau, Prince of Orange 1533-1584”, ISBN I 842124013. p. 80 “What Madame, afraid of these beggars?”. It was from this moment on that the opponents of King Philip's policy proudly took the name Beggars (Les Gueux
, Geuzen) as their own.
Battle of Heiligerlee
With the coming... Read More