LRP1

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Description:
Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), also known as alpha-2-macroglobulin receptor (A2MR), apolipoprotein E receptor (APOER) or cluster of differentiation 91 (CD91), is a protein forming a receptor found in the plasma membrane of cell involved in receptor-mediated endocytosis. In humans, the LRP1 protein is encoded by the LRP1 gene.

LRP1 and Alzheimer's disease

Neurons require cholesterol to function. Cholesterol is imported into the neuron by the apolipoprotein apoE4 via LRP1 receptors on the cell surface. It is thought that a causal factor in Alzheimer's is the malfunction of this process which damages neurons by starving them of cholesterol.

Interactions

LRP1 has been shown to interact with Apolipoprotein E,Kowal RC, Herz J, Goldstein JL, Esser V, Brown MS. Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein mediates uptake of cholesteryl esters derived from apoprotein...
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