Lucius Julius Caesar IV
was the son of the consul of 90 BC, Lucius Julius Caesar III
. He was the father of another Lucius Julius Caesar
, the brother of Julia Antonia
, and the uncle of the Brothers Antonii, Marcus
, and Lucius
. He won the consulship
of 64 BC.
During the debate in the senate with regards to the punishment of the Catalinarian conspirators, he voted for the death penalty, although his own brother-in-law Publius Cornelius Lentulus
was amongst them. Sometime after his consulship, he became an augur. He was a legate
in 52 BC, working for his cousin Gaius Julius
. After the conquest of Gaul, when the Senate
, under the influence of Marcus Porcius Cato
, moved to strip Julius Caesar of his army and provinces, Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon
, committing himself to war against the Senate and the cities and armies that would prove to remain loyal to the Senate. Shortly thereafter, Lucius Caesar sided with his cousin against Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
and the optimates
. However, he took no active part in the war effort against the optimates.
After the Battle of Pharsalus
, Caesar rotated some of his veteran legions to Italy. However, the legions became mutinous, obliging Mark Antony, by this point Caesar's Master of the Horse
, to leave Rome to deal with them. In his absence, Lucius Caesar was put in charge. Unfortunately, Lucius Caesar proved unable to prevent Rome from falling into turmoil.
Caesar's assassination in 44 BC created an unstable atmosphere... Read More