Luis de Unzaga y Amezaga
(1721–1790), also known as Luis Unzaga Y Amezaga
, was a Spanish Governor of Louisiana from 1769 to 1777 as well as a captain general of Venezuela and Cuba.
He was born in Malaga, Spain
, the son of a well-known Basque family, he served in the Italian war of 1735 and came to Havana
in 1740 where he was lieutenant governor of Puerto Principe, Cuba
and later of Santiago de Cuba
During the Seven Years War
he defended Havana against an English siege in 1762.
He accompanied Alejandro O'Reilly
to New Orleans, Louisiana
in 1769 to put down the Rebellion of 1768
of French settlers objecting to the turnover of Louisiana to Spain in the Treaty of Fontainebleau
Following the formal establishment of the Cabildo
, Unzaga became governor on December 1, 1769.
In 1770 he married Marie Elizabeth de St. Maxent, second daughter of Gilbert Antoine de St. Maxent
, the wealthiest man in Louisiana.
Unzaga was noted for allowing open trade.
During the summer of 1776 he secretly helped the Americans by privately delivering five tons
of gunpowder, out of the King's stores, to Captain George Gibson
Linn of the Virginia Council of Defense
. The gunpowder moved up the Mississippi
under the protection of the flag of Spain
and was used to thwart British plans to capture Fort Pitt
He became Captaincy General of Venezuela
from June 17, 1777 to December 10, 1782. In 1783 he became governor
where one of his first orders was ordering the a halt... Read More