Luisa Francisca of Guzman
(, ) (31 October 1613 – 27 February 1666) was a Queen consort of Portugal
. She was the spouse of King John IV
, the first Braganza
ruler, as well as the mother of two Kings of Portugal (Afonso VI
and Pedro II
) and a Queen of England (Catherine of Braganza
). She served as regent of Portugal from 1656.
Luisa was Spanish
by birth, the daughter of Juan Manuel Pérez de Guzmán, 8th Duke of Medina Sidonia
, and Juana Lorenza Gomez de Sandoval y la Cerda. Her paternal grandfather was the renowned Alonso de Guzmán, "El Bueno"
. She married John in 1633.
Despite her Spanish roots, the ambitious Luisa guided her husband's policies during the Portuguese revolution against Spain of 1640
. She is considered the main influence behind her husband John IV's acceptance of the Portuguese throne when the Revolution seemed to tend to the Portuguese side.It is said that being warned of the dangers of becoming Queen of a country that was to face Spain's might she pronounced the famous words:
- Antes rainha um dia (in some versions uma hora) que duquesa toda a vida.
- Rather Queen for a day (in some versions an hour) than a duchess all my life.
When she was made aware of a failed attempt to murder the King in 1641, she is said to have been one of the members of the Corte
, which supported the execution of nobles like the Duke of Caminha
In 1656, she was named Regent of the Kingdom... Read More