), from Latin Lusitanicus
, adjective from Lusitania
, the name of a Roman
province in the Iberian Peninsula
and one of the two official names for Portugal
(in the Latin language) is a term used to categorize persons who share the linguistic and cultural traditions of the Portuguese
When the modern day country of Portugal was created in the 12th century, it inherited the term, and thus, since then, Lusitanic has also meant related to Portugal
, its people
and its culture
. When only referring to the Portuguese language, the word Lusophone
should be used.
The term is not based specifically on race or ethnicity, but rather on a shared cultural and/or linguistic heritage. It is not commonly used outside Portugal and by people of Portuguese descent, nor recognised in everyday usage within the English-speaking world.
The term can be easily compared to Hispanic
- as this term describes those who speak the Spanish language
, have Spanish ancestry
from a Spanish-speaking
nation or otherwise have cultural ties to Spanish-speaking nations.
The term derives from the name of one tribe, the Lusitani
, that lived in the Western part of the Iberian Peninsula
, prior to the Roman conquest; the lands they inhabited were known as Lusitania
. The Lusitani
were mentioned for the first time, by Livy
, as Carthaginian
mercenaries who incorporated the army of Hannibal
, when he fought the Romans.
After the conquest of the peninsula (25-20 BC) Augustus
divided it... Read More