?) was a Japanese merchant from the port of Sakai
, who emigrated to Cambodia in the final years of the 16th century.
Originally known as Naya Sukezaemon
(納屋助左衛門), he was the son of Sakai merchant Naya Saisuke
<!--納屋才助-->. He changed his name in 1593
after returning from a trip to Luzon
in the Philippines
. He became successful and wealthy in the South Seas trade, particularly from selling porcelains to Toyotomi Hideyoshi
and other powerful lords. It is said that even the great tea master Sen no Rikyū
prized some of the tea wares brought back from Southeast Asia by Sukezaemon. Sukezaemon built himself a lavish Western-style house in Sakai and lived a rather luxurious lifestyle for several years before attracting the attention and the ire of Hideyoshi. In 1598
, the warlord accused the merchant on bogus charges, and confiscated all his possessions; Sukezaemon entrusted his home to his family's temple, the Daian-ji
, and fled Japan for Cambodia.
Very little is known about Sukezaemon from original sources, but like many merchant sailors and maritime adventurers of the period, a number of legends have arisen about him. He has been conflated with the pirate Tai Fusa
who attacked Manila
some years earlier and was defeated; according to some tales, when Sukezaemon left Japan he took one hundred men with him and led a raid or assault on Manila, but was ultimately forced to flee to Cambodia. Other sources omit the piracy and violence and indicate... Read More