is a family of PRC
missiles developed by the Shanghai Academy of Science and Technology
, largely based on the Italian Alenia Aspide
missile - itself a version of the American AIM-7 Sparrow
missile. There are four versions of the basic design, three of which are surface-to-air and one air-to-air.
Development of the LY-60 was precipitated by the Chinese requirement for a beyond visual range (BVR) weapons system. Directly copying the AIM-7 proved unsuccessful, after which China purchased a number of Alenia Aspide
missiles from Italy
. Hopes of locally manufacturing the missile under license collapsed after the Tiananmen Square crackdown
The LY-60 (Lie Ying, "Falcon") is a surface-to-air missile
system deployed by the People's Liberation Army. It entered service among air defense units beginning in 1994
and was unveiled by the Chinese Precision Machinery Import-Export Company or CPMIEC at the International Weapons Systems Exhibition, "Defendory' 94," held in Piraeus
in October 1994
. Capable of intercepting air targets at medium and low altitudes, it sports advanced command and control features not found in any of its Western contemporaries.
A LY-60 battery consists of a surveillance radar, three tracking/illumination radars, six TELs, and support equipment mounted on trucks. Between these systems, it can detect 40, track 12 and engage 3. Incorporating the moving target tracking processing... Read More