Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
is a United States National Historical Park
in central Texas
about 50 miles west of Austin
in the Texas Hill Country
. The park protects the birthplace, home, ranch
and final resting place of Lyndon B. Johnson
, 36th President of the United States
. During Johnson's Administration, the LBJ Ranch house was known as the Texas White House.
The park is split into two distinct visitor areas, Johnson City and the LBJ Ranch. The first unit, located in Johnson City
, contains the boyhood home of President Johnson and his grandparent's log cabin settlement as well as the National Park Visitor Center. The second unit is located roughly 14 miles west of Johnson City along the north side of the Pedernales River
. Among the sites preserved at the Ranch are the President's , , and the . The land south of the Pedernales River is operated as . In order to see the LBJ Ranch, visitors take a self-guided auto driving tour from State Park visitor center, a permit is required.
was authorized on December 2, 1969 as Lyndon B. Johnson National Historic Site
and was redesignated as a National Historical Park
on December 28, 1980. Present holdings are approximately 1,570 acres (6.4 km²), 674 acres (2.7 km²) of which are federal. The Johnson family generously continues to add to this property; their most recent donation of land was in April, 1995.