Mahommedali Currim Chagla
( M.C.Chagla) (30 September 1900-9 February 1981) was a renowned Indian jurist
, and Cabinet Minister
who served as Chief Justice
of the Bombay High Court
from 1948 to 1958.
Active life and career
Born on 30 September 1900 in Bombay
to a well-off Shia Muslim
merchant family, Chagla suffered a lonely childhood owing to his mother's death in 1905. He was educated at St. Xavier's High School and College in Bombay, after which he went on to study at Lincoln College
, Oxford University
, from 1919 until 1922. He then was admitted to the Bar of the Bombay High Court
, where he worked with such illuminaries as Sir Jamsetji Kanga and Mohammed Ali Jinnah
, who would one day become the founder of Pakistan
Chagla idolized Jinnah and held membership in the Muslim League
, but severed all ties to Jinnah after he began to work for the cause of a separate Muslim state. He, along with others, then founded the Muslim Nationalist Party in Bombay, a party which was ignored and pushed aside in the independence struggle. He was appointed as Professor of law to Government Law College, Bombay in 1927, where he worked with Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
. He was appointed as a judge to Bombay High Court
in 1941, becoming Chief Justice in 1948 and serving in that capacity to 1958.
In 1946, Chagla was part of the first Indian delegation to the UN
. From 4 October to 10 December, 1956, Chagla served as Acting Governor of the then state of Bombay, later broken up into the states of......